Confronting penal excess
retribution and the politics of penal minimalism
- ISBN: 9781509952137
- Editorial: Hart Publishing
- Fecha de la edición: 2022
- Lugar de la edición: Oxford. Reino Unido
- Encuadernación: Rústica
- Medidas: 24 cm
- Nº Pág.: 256
- Idiomas: Inglés
This monograph considers the correlation between the relative success of retributive penal policies in English-speaking liberal democracies since the 1970s, and the practical evidence of increasingly excessive reliance on the penal State in those jurisdictions. It sets out three key arguments. First, that increasingly excessive conditions in England and Wales over the last three decades represent a failure of retributive theory. Second, that the penal minimalist cause cannot do without retributive proportionality, at least in comparison to the limiting principles espoused by rehabilitation, restorative justice and penal abolitionism. Third, that another retributivism is therefore necessary if we are to confront penal excess. The monograph offers a sketch of this new approach, 'late retributivism', as both a theory of punishment and of minimalist political action, within a democratic society. Centrally, criminal punishment is approached as both a political act and a policy choice. Consequently, penal theorists must take account of contemporary political contexts in designing and advocating for their theories. Although this inquiry focuses primarily on England and Wales, its models of retributivism and of academic contribution to democratic penal policy-making are relevant to other jurisdictions, too.
Introduction: The Politics of Penal Minimalism
I. The Pursuit of the Minimal Penal State in an Age of Excess
II. The 'Problem of Punishment'
III. The Structure of this Book
DEFINING PENAL EXCESS
Chapter One: Penal Excess and Penal Minimalism
I. Conceptual Foundations: Penal Excess, Moderation, and Minimalism
II. Political Foundations: Penal Minimalism as a Public Good
III. Conclusion: Two Spatial Metaphors for Penal Excess
Chapter Two: Penal Excess in England and Wales
I. Mass Punishment: Excesses of Size
II. Punishing the Poor: Excesses of Shape
III. Conclusion: The Age of Excess
Chapter Three: Penal Excess as the Failure of Retribution
I. The Historical Context of Retributivism and the Rise of Penal Excess
II. Retributive Proportionality and the Limited Penal State
III. Critiques of Retributive Penal Minimalism
IV. Conclusion: Catching Chimera by the Tail
PURSUING PENAL MINIMALISM
Chapter Four: Other Routes to Penal Minimalism
I. Rehabilitation and Penal Minimalism
II. Restorative Justice and Penal Minimalism
III. Penal Abolitionism and (Post-)Penal Minimalism
IV. Conclusion: Is Penal Minimalism Possible?
Chapter Five: Proportionality and its Alternatives
I. Five Limiting Factors
II. Conclusion: A 'First Among Equals' Approach to Proportionality?
CONFRONTING PENAL EXCESS
Chapter Six: Groundwork for a Late Retributivism
I. What Sort of a Theory?
II. Why 'Late' Retributivism?
III. Why Retributivism at All?
IV. Conclusion: Late Retributivism and Orthodox Retributivism
Chapter Seven: Elements of a Late Retributivism
I. Social Awareness: Thinking Beyond the Penal State
II. Political Outspokenness: Towards Substantive Democracy
III. Inter-Subjectivity: Sentencing, for Humans
IV. Self-Deprecation: Towards a Finite Retributivism
V. Conclusion: The Core of Late Retributivism
Chapter Eight: Conclusion: Confronting Penal Excess